How to Normalize the College Search Process for Juniors

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Carly Ross, an 11th-grader at Evanston Township High School outside of Chicago, had planned to take the ACT for the first time in April after completing a 10-week prep course over the winter. When the April test date was canceled because of the coronavirus pandemic, she signed up for one in June.

Last week, the ACT canceled the June administration at two-thirds of testing locations nationwide, including at Carly’s school. She’s holding out hope to take the test in July.

“It’s adding so much stress to the process because now the ACT is talking about an online test, which is something I haven’t prepared for,” she said. “This isn’t how I expected my college search to unfold at all.”

She’s certainly not alone. The college search process, challenging even under normal circumstances, looks more daunting than ever to today’s high school juniors, thanks to Covid-19.

After spending a year inside three admissions offices to research a forthcoming book on the selection system at top-ranked schools, here are some things I found that the Class of 2021 can do to bring a sense of normalcy to their college search in the months ahead.

Control what you can.

“Students can’t do anything this year about canceled tests, or how their high school is treating grades, or a missed track season,” said Hannah Wolff, the college and career-center specialist at Langley High School in Northern Virginia. “But they can get started on writing essays or compiling information for their applications. Students should concentrate on what they can still do.”

Ms. Wolff suggested juniors whose summer plans fell through because of the coronavirus shutdowns instead use their time to broaden their college list beyond the narrow set of eight to 10 schools at a similar level that students typically settle on. One reason to expand your list to include a wider mix of colleges is that many schools are only now considering revisions to their admissions policies and deadlines, given the uncertainty over ACT/SAT testing dates. In a year when the admissions process is especially unpredictable, a student considering selective schools should also look at three or four lower in the rankings that might be more flexible on academic requirements and give more financial aid because they need to fill seats.

Also, concerns over a possible second wave of the virus causing future shutdowns may make it more appealing to some families to look at colleges closer to home. And with the widespread economic impact of the coronavirus, students’ financial circumstances might change, resulting in more applicants to less expensive state schools or those colleges that offer a boatload of merit aid.

Applying to a broader mix gives you more options when you need to choose a school after decisions start rolling in.

Consider skipping the ACT/SAT.

The College Board added a test date in September, in addition to its August and October dates, and gave priority registration for all three to juniors who never had the chance to take the SAT. But whether the ACT/SAT will be able to administer their tests this fall or offer the usual capacity in an era of social distancing remains unclear. On Tuesday, the College Board announced it was postponing plans to offer a remote SAT this year, saying it “would require three hours of uninterrupted, video-quality internet for each student, which can’t be guaranteed for all.”

So, what should juniors do who still haven’t taken a test? “Normally, I’d suggest students prepare for the tests, unless they’re not a good test taker,” said Brennan Barnard, director of college counseling at the Derryfield School in New Hampshire and co-author of “The Truth About College Admission.” “But this year, students should definitely question whether it’s worth it with the number of schools that have gone test optional.”

Test-optional means that applicants can submit test scores if they want to, but it won’t hurt their chances of admission if they don’t. A handful of selective colleges enacted test-optional polices in the wake of the coronavirus pandemic — some temporarily for the Class of 2021, such as Columbia University, the University of Washington and Boston University; others as part of a three-year experiment, including Davidson College and Tufts University. The University of California also suspended testing requirements for the Class of 2021, and last month agreed to phase out the ACT/SAT altogether for in-state residents over the next few years (the system will decide on out-of-state applicants later on).

You might not have an ACT/SAT score, but you probably have a PSAT score that gives you a sense of how you perform on a standardized test. If you have solid grades from taking a strong curriculum in high school, but a subpar PSAT score for the set of schools you’re considering, you might consider looking to the growing number of test-optional schools rather than wait on in-person ACT/SAT tests that might never happen.

Go beyond the virtual campus tour.

When you go on a campus tour in person, “you hear the great stuff, and the not-so-great stuff just by being there,” said Mark Butt, director of undergraduate selection at Emory University. “Now you have to actively seek that experience in virtual tours.”

Online information sessions and phone calls with admissions counselors are useful, but students should go beyond the channels that the colleges control. Scroll through topic pages on Reddit, such as r/applyingtocollege, or watch YouTube videos recorded by students talking about how they applied to college or “day in the life” videos showing you what life is really like on their campuses.

Don’t just sit around this summer.

Summer jobs have disappeared for many teenagers, as have many summer activities and sports. But that shouldn’t be an excuse to play video games in your bedroom or make TikTok videos all day.

In a sea of applications that often look numbingly similar, admissions officers often look for something that stands out — an eclectic combination of classes, for instance, or an activity that has meaning rather than just another sign-up club.

“Use this time to do something that you haven’t had a chance to do before,” Ms. Wolff said. “Some of my students have learned how to play the guitar online or took up knitting during the pandemic.”

Such activities show admissions officers that students see the challenge of the pandemic as an opportunity to broaden their skills or create something new — such as making masks for front-line workers or organizing a food drive — rather than see learning as something fixed by their schools.

  • Frequently Asked Questions and Advice

    Updated June 2, 2020

    • Will protests set off a second viral wave of coronavirus?

      Mass protests against police brutality that have brought thousands of people onto the streets in cities across America are raising the specter of new coronavirus outbreaks, prompting political leaders, physicians and public health experts to warn that the crowds could cause a surge in cases. While many political leaders affirmed the right of protesters to express themselves, they urged the demonstrators to wear face masks and maintain social distancing, both to protect themselves and to prevent further community spread of the virus. Some infectious disease experts were reassured by the fact that the protests were held outdoors, saying the open air settings could mitigate the risk of transmission.

    • How do we start exercising again without hurting ourselves after months of lockdown?

      Exercise researchers and physicians have some blunt advice for those of us aiming to return to regular exercise now: Start slowly and then rev up your workouts, also slowly. American adults tended to be about 12 percent less active after the stay-at-home mandates began in March than they were in January. But there are steps you can take to ease your way back into regular exercise safely. First, “start at no more than 50 percent of the exercise you were doing before Covid,” says Dr. Monica Rho, the chief of musculoskeletal medicine at the Shirley Ryan AbilityLab in Chicago. Thread in some preparatory squats, too, she advises. “When you haven’t been exercising, you lose muscle mass.” Expect some muscle twinges after these preliminary, post-lockdown sessions, especially a day or two later. But sudden or increasing pain during exercise is a clarion call to stop and return home.

    • My state is reopening. Is it safe to go out?

      States are reopening bit by bit. This means that more public spaces are available for use and more and more businesses are being allowed to open again. The federal government is largely leaving the decision up to states, and some state leaders are leaving the decision up to local authorities. Even if you aren’t being told to stay at home, it’s still a good idea to limit trips outside and your interaction with other people.

    • What’s the risk of catching coronavirus from a surface?

      Touching contaminated objects and then infecting ourselves with the germs is not typically how the virus spreads. But it can happen. A number of studies of flu, rhinovirus, coronavirus and other microbes have shown that respiratory illnesses, including the new coronavirus, can spread by touching contaminated surfaces, particularly in places like day care centers, offices and hospitals. But a long chain of events has to happen for the disease to spread that way. The best way to protect yourself from coronavirus — whether it’s surface transmission or close human contact — is still social distancing, washing your hands, not touching your face and wearing masks.

    • What are the symptoms of coronavirus?

      Common symptoms include fever, a dry cough, fatigue and difficulty breathing or shortness of breath. Some of these symptoms overlap with those of the flu, making detection difficult, but runny noses and stuffy sinuses are less common. The C.D.C. has also added chills, muscle pain, sore throat, headache and a new loss of the sense of taste or smell as symptoms to look out for. Most people fall ill five to seven days after exposure, but symptoms may appear in as few as two days or as many as 14 days.

    • How can I protect myself while flying?

      If air travel is unavoidable, there are some steps you can take to protect yourself. Most important: Wash your hands often, and stop touching your face. If possible, choose a window seat. A study from Emory University found that during flu season, the safest place to sit on a plane is by a window, as people sitting in window seats had less contact with potentially sick people. Disinfect hard surfaces. When you get to your seat and your hands are clean, use disinfecting wipes to clean the hard surfaces at your seat like the head and arm rest, the seatbelt buckle, the remote, screen, seat back pocket and the tray table. If the seat is hard and nonporous or leather or pleather, you can wipe that down, too. (Using wipes on upholstered seats could lead to a wet seat and spreading of germs rather than killing them.)

    • How many people have lost their jobs due to coronavirus in the U.S.?

      More than 40 million people — the equivalent of 1 in 4 U.S. workers — have filed for unemployment benefits since the pandemic took hold. One in five who were working in February reported losing a job or being furloughed in March or the beginning of April, data from a Federal Reserve survey released on May 14 showed, and that pain was highly concentrated among low earners. Fully 39 percent of former workers living in a household earning $40,000 or less lost work, compared with 13 percent in those making more than $100,000, a Fed official said.

    • Should I wear a mask?

      The C.D.C. has recommended that all Americans wear cloth masks if they go out in public. This is a shift in federal guidance reflecting new concerns that the coronavirus is being spread by infected people who have no symptoms. Until now, the C.D.C., like the W.H.O., has advised that ordinary people don’t need to wear masks unless they are sick and coughing. Part of the reason was to preserve medical-grade masks for health care workers who desperately need them at a time when they are in continuously short supply. Masks don’t replace hand washing and social distancing.

    • What should I do if I feel sick?

      If you’ve been exposed to the coronavirus or think you have, and have a fever or symptoms like a cough or difficulty breathing, call a doctor. They should give you advice on whether you should be tested, how to get tested, and how to seek medical treatment without potentially infecting or exposing others.

Make senior year relevant.

With many high schools offering classes pass/fail this spring, colleges don’t have the usual grades to consider. They might look more closely at senior year schedules to see how applicants challenged themselves. If students feel they aren’t ready to move on to the next level of a subject because their spring was upended, they should use the summer to brush up with online courses.

“Schools might be more flexible, but that doesn’t mean it will be suddenly easier to get into a selective school,” Ms. Wolff said. “They’ll still have high expectations.”

Write about the coronavirus, maybe.

The Common Application, which is used by nearly 900 colleges, has added a question that allows students to explain how Covid-19 affected their education or personal lives. But should students also write their personal essays about the crisis? In other words, how much Covid-19 is too much?

If the pandemic had a far-reaching impact on your life, writing about it is a “a great way to glean what you missed, did not miss, made time for, or found ways to continue to pursue, even when it was taken away in the traditional sense,” said Rick Clark, director of undergraduate admission at Georgia Tech.

But be sure to bring to the essay the same level of details and specifics that admissions officers expect when an applicant writes about anything that has shaped their life. And remember, the essay is very rarely the thing that helps get an applicant in anyway.

Over all, “juniors should think about what they miss most about high school right now,” said Mr. Barnard. “What do you miss about the relationships with teachers, the classes, the activities, and then translate that into what you’re looking for ultimately in a college.”

Jeffrey Selingo is the author of the forthcoming book “Who Gets In and Why: A Year Inside College Admissions.”